UN report warns the planet is changing before our eyes due to climate change
UNITED NATIONS, (UrduPoint / Pakistan Point News – October 31, 2021): The climate crisis has driven the planet into “uncharted territory”, with profound repercussions for present and future generations, according to the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) of the Nations United, a United Nations agency based in Geneva.
In its annual report on the state of the world climate released on Sunday as the UN Cop26 summit kicks off, WMO said the Cop26 summit was a “decisive opportunity to get us back on track.”
The past seven years have been the warmest on record, with sea levels reaching new highs and destructive climate-related weather extremes in 2021, he said, adding that 2021 would likely have been the fifth to seventh year. hottest ever. It also describes the heat waves, forest fires, droughts and floods that have wreaked havoc on the planet this year and is intended to inform the COP26 negotiations.
The report shows that our planet is changing before our eyes, said UN Secretary General Antonio Guterres. From ocean depths to mountain peaks, from melting glaciers to relentless extreme weather events, communities and ecosystems around the world are devastated. The Cop26 must be a turning point for people and the planet.
Released as climate policy negotiators begin their work at COP26, the report says a temporary cooling of La Nia at the start of the year means 2021 is only expected to be the hottest fifth to seventh year on record . Global sea level rise has accelerated since 2013 to a new high, with continued warming and acidification of the oceans.
The report combines contributions from several United Nations agencies, national meteorological and hydrological services and scientific experts.
It highlights the destructive impacts on food security and population displacement, critical ecosystems and the slowing of progress towards the 2030 Sustainable Development Goals.
“From ocean depths to mountain peaks, from melting glaciers to relentless extreme weather events, ecosystems and communities around the world are devastated. COP26 must be a turning point for people and the planet,” said the head of the UN in its video statement.
For the head of the UN, scientists are clear on the facts. Now, he argued, leaders need to be just as clear in their actions. The door is open. The solutions are there. COP26 must be a turning point. We must act now, with ambition and solidarity, to safeguard our future and save humanity, he added.
The report lists some of the extreme events that have occurred over the past year.
At the top of the Greenland ice cap, for example, it rained, instead of snowing, for the first time.
Canadian glaciers have suffered rapid melting. A heat wave in Canada and parts of the United States has pushed temperatures to nearly 50 ° C in a village in British Columbia. Death Valley, California reached 54.4 ° C.
Many parts of the Mediterranean experienced record high temperatures, and the heat was often accompanied by devastating fires.
Months of rain fell within hours in China and parts of Europe, claiming tens of lives and billions in economic losses. A second consecutive year of drought in subtropical South America affected agriculture, transportation and energy production.
For WMO Secretary-General Petteri Taalas, all of these events show that extreme events are the new normal. There is growing scientific evidence that some of them bear the imprint of human-induced climate change, he added.
At the current rate of increasing greenhouse gas concentrations, the world will experience a rise in temperature by the end of this century well beyond the Paris Agreement targets of 1.5 to 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels.