Report on crop progress conditions, warmer weather needed | KWBG AM1590 and 101.5 FM | Boon, Iowa

DES MOINES, Iowa—Iowa Secretary of Agriculture Mike Naig today commented on the report on the progress and status of Iowa crops released by the National Agricultural Statistics Service of Iowa. USDA. The report is published weekly from April to November.

“Iowa experienced a mix of winter and spring last week. While severe storms swept through parts of the state, leaving isolated damage behind, Easter rain and snowfall provided additional moisture in the basement,” said Secretary Naig. “Ground temperatures are still hovering between the upper 30s and low 40s, but the outlook points to warmer temperatures for the week ahead.”

The weekly report is also available on the USDA website at nass.usda.gov.

Crop ReportSnow, high winds and continued cold limited Iowa farmers to 2.8 days suitable for field work during the week ending April 17, 2022, according to USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service . Farmers applied anhydrides and fertilizers, spread manure, tilled fields and planted oats where possible while preparing to plant row crops.

Topsoil moisture status was rated at 7% very short, 22% short, 66% adequate, and 5% excess. The moisture condition of the basement was rated at 11% very short, 33% short, 54% adequate, and 2% excess.

Twenty-nine percent of the expected oat crop has been planted, 8 days behind last year and 3 days behind the five-year average. Oats are starting to emerge across the state.

Pastures were still mostly dormant, although some had started to green. Breeding conditions were generally good, with the arrival of many new calves.

Summary weatherProvided by Justin Glisan, Ph.D., State Climatologist, Iowa Department of Agriculture and Land Stewardship

Severe weather returned early last week with eight tornadoes reported in northern Iowa, with the strongest having winds of up to 135 mph. While precipitation accompanied the disturbance that produced these severe thunderstorms, much of eastern and northwestern Iowa saw drier than normal conditions. Overall temperatures were also warmer than the previous reporting period, although up to eight degrees below normal in the northwest; the statewide average temperature was 42.1 degrees, 6.2 degrees below normal.

Very windy conditions continued through Sunday afternoon 10 as a center of low pressure moved across northern Iowa. Winds shifted from the southeast to the west as daytime temperatures reached the upper 60s and lower 70s at many stations; the upper 70s were observed in south-central Iowa. Overnight temperatures through Monday (11) ranged from the upper 20 degrees in the northwest to the lower 40 degrees in the southeast under cloudless skies. Pleasant conditions persisted through the afternoon with above average daytime highs in the low to mid 60s. Skies remained clear early into the morning of Tuesday 12, although cloudy conditions began to grow in western Iowa at sunrise as a powerful weather system approached Iowa. Southeasterly winds in the range of 20 to 30 mph were pumping warm, moist air ahead of a strong cold front; a warm front moving north across southeastern Iowa pushed temperatures into the 80s in the warm sector of the strong low pressure system. The unseasonably warm air mix, atmospheric instability and wind shear over northern Iowa triggered supercell thunderstorms in the late afternoon. Several of these storms produced tornadoes with a stronger EF-2 moving through Gilmore City, Humboldt County, causing damage to several farms. As the cold front swept across Iowa in the late afternoon and evening, a second wave of severe weather hit western Iowa with numerous reports of large hail and strong straight-line winds. The line lost power overnight as it pushed east, although moderate rain was seen. Rainfall totals reported at 7:00 a.m. Wednesday the 13th were highest in north-central Iowa with nine stations measuring more than an inch; much of the western half of Iowa reported totals between 0.25 and 0.75 inches. Light showers persisted throughout the day as temperatures lingered in the mid-30s to mid-40s.

Gusty westerly winds built overnight through Thursday (14) with wind speeds increasing in the 30-40 mph range throughout the day; Estherville Municipal Airport (Emmet County) observed a 61 mph gust of wind. Afternoon highs were between the upper 30s in the north and the low 50s in the south, where skies were clear. Partly cloudy skies developed early Friday (15) morning as the winds eased and shifted to the northwest with highs of 40 degrees above 40 degrees being seen in the afternoon. Clouds moved to mostly sunny conditions over Iowa Saturday (16) with cool morning temperatures; the average statewide low was 25 degrees, 12 degrees below normal. Temperatures hit the upper 40s and low 50s in southern Iowa, while readings were up to 10 degrees cooler in the north. An impending disturbance brought thick stratus clouds to western Iowa Sunday morning (17th) with winds shifting to the east. Low temperatures ranged from the low 20s in eastern Iowa to the mid 30s in the west under cloud.

Weekly precipitation totals ranged from no accumulation at several stations in northwestern Iowa to 4.50 inches at St. Ansgar, Mitchell County. The statewide average weekly precipitation was 0.41 inches while the normal is 0.79 inches. Little Sioux (Harrison County) reported the week’s high of 90 degrees on the 12th, averaging 29 degrees above average. Primghar (O’Brien County) and Sioux City (Woodbury County) reported the week’s low of 16 degrees on the 16th, averaging 20 degrees below normal. Four-inch ground temperatures were in the upper 30s in the northeast to mid-40s in the southwest on Sunday.

(contributed press release, IDALS)

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